The Biggest and Most Interesting Man-Made Underground Structures

The Biggest and Most Interesting Man-Made Underground Structures

Take a tour around the world by checking out some of the biggest and most fascinating man-made underground structures!

Underground structures can sometimes be even more incredible than above-ground structures. After all, while appropriately building both structures can be difficult, underground structures often have to deal with even more serious problems, including hydrostatic pressure and the sheer weight of any earth that may lie on top of the structure. Here are six incredible underground structures that have gone against that difficulty.

Deepest Subway Station: Arsenala Station, Kyiv, Ukraine | 346 Feet Deep

Photos By: Unsplash

Going down into the earth to visit a subway station definitely isn’t an inherently strange concept; the deepest station in the NYC subway system is over 150 feet underground. However, this is only about half of the depth of the Arsenala Station, which reaches a staggering 346 feet deep. This is because Arsenala is on a tall hill, but the next station is at ground level. To avoid the mechanical problems that could arise from traversing this hill regularly, the designers just decided to go through the hill.

Deepest Basement: Sydney Opera House, Sydney, Australia | 120 Feet Deep

Underneath the Sydney Opera House is a parking garage that doubles as the world’s deepest basement. However, it’s not just your ordinary parking garage. Though its initial design was just an underground square, as if the designers had transported a typical garage underground, they ran into troubles with regulations around fire escapes. Eventually, the final design became an underground double helix, making it as interestingly designed as the building it lies underneath.

Longest Underground Tunnel: Gotthard Base Tunnel, Erstfeld and Bodio, Switzerland | 35 Miles Long

 

The Swiss Alps are some of the most beautiful natural formations in Europe, but because of their massive rise in elevation, people have typically had to either go around or over them to get from one side to the other. This changed with the Gotthard Base Tunnel, which goes 35 miles from Erstfeld to Bodio, two municipalities in Switzerland. It cuts directly through the Swiss Alps, making it the first to create a flat route through the Alps. It was approved in 1992 but didn’t open to the public until 2016.

Deepest Building Foundation: Salesforce Tower, San Francisco, China | 310 Feet Below Grade


San Francisco is well-known for its tendencies toward earthquakes, which means that any tall buildings in San Francisco need to have equally stable foundations. Salesforce Tower is a 1,070-foot-tall building that has a foundation nearly a third of that size. It had to set new seismic safety benchmarks, with a unique foundation that ensures the tower won’t tip over. The base includes a
14-foot-thick concrete slab about an acre wide.

Biggest Underground City: Derinkuyu, Cappadocia, Turkey | 18 Stories Deep


Underground architectural feats didn’t get their start in the modern world. All you have to do to prove that is look at the Derinkuyu underground city, which is underneath Cappadocia. This huge network of tunnels was likely completed over a millenia ago, but it was mostly abandoned in the early 1900s. That means it stayed relatively untouched until 1963, when a man accidentally discovered an entrance in his basement. Nowadays, it’s a tourist attraction and a reminder that architectural wonders aren’t limited to the modern era.

Deepest Underground Research Center: Jinping Underground Laboratory, Jinping, China | 7,900 Feet Deep


Doing research underground can be hugely useful for extremely sensitive physics experiments. On the surface, cosmic radiation can influence the results; a mile underground, that influence is reduced by a factor of 10 million. This is exactly why the Jinping Underground Laboratory, which is inside a former gold mine, was created. Here, scientists research unique concepts, including dark matter and neutrino physics, assured that cosmic radiation plays as miniscule a part as possible in their research.

Conclusion

Underground structures have always been interesting to look at. Whether you’re researching the most incredible skyscraper foundations or you’re just looking at your own basement, it’s a constant reminder that humans love to create things, regardless of what those things are.

Things Architects Should Keep in Mind When Designing A Hotel

Things Architects Should Keep in Mind When Designing A Hotel

The hotel is an area where people can stay and enjoy their experience at a place. It will also allow its guests to learn about the culture of the site he is visiting while relaxing!


Photos By: Unsplash

That is why it is essential to think deeply about a hotel’s design to ensure that your visitors will enjoy their stay. Aside from aesthetics and functionality, there are other aspects that you should consider for your overall plan. This article will talk about the things that every architect should consider when designing a hotel.

You should have a dynamic hotel concept

The art of architecture is continuously changing and developing s time passes to answer its guests’ new trends and needs. When designing, you should be able to come up with a concept that can perfectly convey a story you want to tell. It will become the cornerstone of the building as it will shape and analyze every detail of the hotel. The forms, functionality, and materials to their overall combination will act as the hotel’s plot.

Connect the hotel’s design with its location

You don’t have to think far about the design of your hotel. The best way to complete your guests’ experience is to let them experience the area’s ambiance and culture with your hotel. Think about the climate conditions of the palace to determine the hotel’s outdoor environment. You should be able to connect them with your interior correctly. Moreover, the building’s orientation and the sun’s motion around it can be your inspiration when designing the hotel. It can affect the functions, zones, textures, materials, and colors that you will use for the building.

Give your hotel an excellent first impression

The first impression of your guests to your hotel is essential. When designing the entrance of the hotel should be inviting and enjoyable to hook your guests. It will serve as a cover for a book of the story you want to convey. The first seven seconds of the guest’s contact with something new and exciting will shape their impression of a place.

The entrance should connect with the design concept of the whole hotel and activate the guests’ senses. It should also be functional enough and serve as a smooth passage for everyone. With the right design, you can find more guests noticing and taking an interest in your hotel just because of your entrance’s exciting concept.

Prioritize every detail of the hotel’s rooms

The hotel room is where your guests will spend most of their time for their entire stay. If your overall concept and entrance are doing great, the rooms should also not disappoint your guests. It should be able to capture all the elements with proper divisions that will not stress the travelers. Everything should come in place, starting from comfortable beds and enough storage space for luggage and clothes to relaxing bathrooms. It is also best to keep things simple and ensure that room is flawless and neat throughout. If you need convenient access for building components without affecting the interior, you can buy access doors to blend with its surroundings.

Conclusion

The hotel’s concept and design are essential for the welfare of the business. You should be able to keep your guests’ interests and satisfaction to let them consider staying at your hotel in the future. Moreover, the design should also be functional, and the building systems should be easy to access. Ensure that you will only get materials from reliable companies with excellent access doors and panel reviews like Access Doors and Panels.

Contact us at 1-800-609-2917, and we will be happy to answer your inquiries about our products!

Why Wide Plank Flooring Is A Growing Trend!

Why Wide Plank Flooring Is A Growing Trend!

Wide plank flooring is one of the most luxurious flooring trends happening now. Keep reading to see why you should consider it for your home!

Hickory flooring – Carlisle Wide Plank Floors

When it comes to flooring, wide plank floors are one trend we don’t see fading away any time soon. In fact, these stunning floors continue to grow in popularity. Wide plank floors not only look glamorous, they also are a smart update to traditional wood flooring, carpet and tile. They make your space look larger and more refined, while giving off a modern-day vibe that’s hard not to fall in love with! Here are some ways you can use wide plank flooring to make your home look updated and gorgeous for 2021:

Pair Wide Plank Floors With Minimalist Design

If you are a fan of minimalist decor, wide plank floors are the perfect choice to pair with this design style. We recommend choosing a color palette of white, off whites, and creamy hues for walls and furniture. You can find beautiful white comfy sofas like Restoration Hardware’s famous “cloud couch” that look great in just about any home.

Rift and Quartersawn White Oak flooring – Carlisle Wide Plank Floors

If you are worried that your white space will look too sterile, combine creamy hues in your design like a plush rug and bench. Choose warm-hued wide plank flooring to match your new palette. Then, mix in the same hues but with different textures. Fur throws and pillows are bound to make your space look welcoming, clean, and modern.

White Oak flooring with a Whitewash finish – Carlisle Wide Plank Floors

If you would like to add some fun and color into your design, there is no better way to do it than with boldly hued pillows, accessories, and modern artwork in bright, vibrant hues. The bigger the artwork the better, so make sure to find large, statement-making pieces for your walls that will command attention when people enter the room.

White Oak flooring – Carlisle Wide Plank Floors

Add Warmth to Your Home

Wide plank flooring is one of the best ways to bring a sense of warmth and coziness to a space. A room that would otherwise appear cold and sterile quickly can be transformed into a space that looks inviting and beautiful with wide plank flooring.

If you are thinking about maintaining a streamlined design aesthetic, wide plank flooring is your best bet. It comes in a multitude of wood species, shades, and finishes, which makes it super easy to find the perfect match for your home. There is something about this flooring that harmonizes everything in a space and makes it look put together and on-trend.

Ash flooring in a matte finish – Carlisle Wide Plank Floors

Wide Plank Flooring Brings the Outdoors In

When designing a space, I always try to find ways to bring the outdoors inside. Wide plank flooring does just that, as it imparts an element of nature and an organic feel to your decorating. If you need to find a way to soften the look of your decor, this flooring option is at the top of my list to do just that. Rather than use tiles or cold flooring options such as concrete, instead go with wide plank flooring. Trust us – you won’t look back!

Now that you have read some of our top reasons as to why you should install wide plank flooring in your home, it’s time to start preparing for your home renovations. Let us know if you already have wide plank flooring in your home or if you are thinking about installing it. We’d love to hear your thoughts and comments!

Tips for Controlling Pests in Your House

Tips for Controlling Pests in Your House

Most houses, especially the houses on the ground floor, have issues with pest control. Pest control can be really difficult if you are living in an area where there is moisture, and the cleaning is not done properly!

During the summers, the pest can easily take control of your house. If you are looking for effective solutions that can help you get rid of the pests and to control the pests in your house, you can follow the tips mentioned below. It is not very difficult to control pests in your house.

Sealing gaps

The first thing that you can do is to seal the gaps that are on the floor and in the walls. It can help with controlling the pest at a great level. The troubled areas are usually the gaps in the attic or the unsealed areas in the electric lines. There are a lot of sealing products that you can use for sealing the gaps to ensure the pests, including bugs and mice, so they do not enter your house. When you are blocking their entrance, it will control the bugs to a good level.

Do not store firewood in the house

Another reason why you find bugs in your house is because of the firewood that you store in the attic or in your house. With the firewood, there are a lot of insects and bugs that comes into your house and start an infestation. The wise decision is to store the firewood outside the house and bring in the firewood only as required. It will keep the bugs away from your house.

Work on the broken screens

If the window screens are broken, you must start mending them. When the screens are doing their job at best, the mosquitoes and other bugs will not enter your house. It will be a barrier for the bugs to enter, and your house will be saved from the bugs and the pest.

Use home remedies

Some of the remedies, including putting onions and using vinegar, can also help you to deal with the bugs and mosquitoes. You can use the vinegar to distract the ants; therefore, it is a good remedy to start with. The spiders do not like onions, and it can also work for controlling pests in your house. There are other remedies also available that you can use for controlling pests. Apple cider vinegar is also a great solution to control pests.

Use dehumidifier

When you are using the dehumidifier and maintaining the level of humidity up to 40%, it will also help with controlling the pest, especially spiders. The population will minimize immensely when you are keeping the humidity at 40 percent. They are a lot of pest control solutions that you can use. These pest control solutions are also great for home and fit the hotels. It is also important to pest control in hotels to ensure the customers are getting the best treatment. There are many services for pest control also available which people can use not only for their houses but also for the hotels.

Mobile Spray Foam Rigs Available to Meet Your Instant Needs

Mobile Spray Foam Rigs Available to Meet Your Instant Needs

These days, many spray foam companies have been offering their mobile services to cover maximum clients. There are trailers, trucks, and even used spray foam rig that could be used for plural component applications in homes and commercial buildings.

The spray foam insulation, spray foam roofing, and polyurea coatings are really common in homes. The used spray foam rig is slightly smaller than the commercial spray foam rig because commercial buildings need more roofing work, and they are bigger in size than the homes. Spray foam insulation has become pretty common because it offers energy-efficiency along with comfort. It can fix retrofitted extra spaces in your home. It allows limited air to go through your house, so ultimately it makes your home energy-efficient. If you are somebody who really needs a quick spray foam insulation, then hire a reputable used spray foam rig from your neighborhood. It usually takes a few hours to get done a home, but it is worth it, especially in cold weather. Here are some of the pros of using spray foam insulation that could be enough to make up your mind.

1. Spray Foam Insulation Provides Support to Home Structure

A lot of new home structures and even the old one can have a few gaps in the attic, some spaces around here and there. This could be the reason you get so much cold air inside the house. If you opt for the narrow cell version of spray foam insulation products, then you can close all these spaces for good. These closed cells work better to close the space and empower the home structure so that nothing goes in or out. This can be used in the seal coating of different houses too because it clogs the small pores that can moisten the roof. If you try used spray foam rigs, you can save money and time.

2. Spray foam insulation enhances energy efficiency

There is a long-term benefit of using spray foam insulation because it allows you to save energy. Let’s say you have a heater on in the winter season, but the heat goes out because of the intensive gap between the walls, ceiling, and windows. This way your gas bill will increase, and you will get no proper heat. But if you do the right spray foam sealing, you can save a significant amount of money on your heating and cooling needs. Choosing spray foam insulation for your structure could be cheaper than the actual working that required to close off the gaps in the attic or other areas. Installing this product in a home can save you 30% from your utility bills whereas the benefits are unlimited for sure.

3. Spray foam makes the surface airtight

Spray foam insulation is the best air-tight seal you can ask for. It protects the whole structure of the house. The closed-cell totally blocks water drops to let through and this way, your ceiling can last longer.